Magnetic Compass of the Phoenicians


“The heroes of Egypt are the demigods of Phoenicia; nor is it straining a point to add of Tarshish, since the temple there of Hercules was so famous, that, in Grecian fable, the pillars which adorned it were synonymous with the rock of Gibraltar and its counterpart on the African coast (Calpe and Abyla).” (A New History of the Conquest of Mexico, by Robert Anderson Wilson. Philadelphia: James Challen & Son, 1859)

In the previous blog entry, an uncanny similarity was seen between the culture of ancient Egypt and that which built the strange monuments of Central America. And yet whoever was responsible for those Central American ruins was not exactly Egyptian, but rather something close: the “remnants of Tyre.”

How did the ancient Phoenicians manage a regular commerce with America? Author Robert Anderson Wilson (op. cit.) argued for knowledge of the magnetic compass among that seafaring people.

Among the Phoenicians, the goddess Astarte is represented on a ship, “her right hand pointing to the prow, while her left grasps the staff of a Latin cross – the magnetic compass of antiquity.” Hercules was emblematized by the loadstone. (Wilson, op. cit.)

“The mariner’s magnetic cross of ancient times is thus described by Boulak Kibdjalick, an Arabian author of the thirteenth century (1242). ‘They take a cup of water, which they shelter from the wind. They then take a needle, which they fix in a peg of wood or a straw, so as to form a cross. They then take the magnes [magnet] and turn round for some time above the cup; moving from left to right, the needle following. They then withdraw the magnes [the stone of Hercules], after which the needle stands still, and points north and south.'” (Ibid.)

The Latin cross was prominent among the emblems of Astarte, favorite goddess of the Phoenicians. The cross is “the leading emblem on Phoenician medals also, both ancient and modern.” This use of the cross as symbol by the Phoenicians “dispels one of the mysteries connected with the Central American ruins.” Astarte stands on a ship, holding the long cross (magnetic compass) in her hand. (Ibid.) (See image at top.)

“From the time of Noah a series of civilized nations had been growing, that, at the end of a thousand years, attained a point of commercial prosperity hardly reached by modern [1859] races. Ninevah multiplied her merchants above the stars. (Nahum 3: 16)”

And so too did the ancient Phoenicians achieve commercial prosperity. In fact they once were the pre-eminent seagoing, commercial nation. And long ago, many years before Christopher Columbus, they came to America.


About ersjdamoo

Editor of Conspiracy Nation, later renamed Melchizedek Communique. Close associate of the late Sherman H. Skolnick. Jack of all trades, master of none. Sagittarius, with Sagittarius rising. I'm not a bum, I'm a philosopher.
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2 Responses to Magnetic Compass of the Phoenicians

  1. Pingback: Ancient Egypt

  2. Pingback: Sacrifices of the Phoenicians | Ersjdamoo's Blog

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