James Clerk Maxwell (1831 – 1879, image shown) was a Scottish mathematical physicist. His most prominent achievement was to formulate a set of equations that describe electricity, magnetism, and optics as manifestations of the same phenomenon, namely the electromagnetic field. With the publication of A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field in 1865, Maxwell demonstrated that electric and magnetic fields travel through space as waves moving at the speed of light. Maxwell proposed that light is in fact undulations in the same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena. 
“Undulations in the same medium” as electro-magnetism, saith Maxwell. And what, pray tell, is this “same medium”? Isaac Asimov explained, “To Maxwell, wedded to the ether hypothesis, it seemed the oscillation of the electromagnetic field consisted of wave-like distortions of the ether.” 
Light was an undulation of The Ether. Electricity and magnetism were also caused by The Ether. And what of the gravitational force? Where does gravity fit in? “It is the motion of matter through the stationary Ether which constantly provides electric energy. The gravitational force, in turn, is induced when the planets are oscillated by electrical currents.” (Background: Our Friend, The Ether (Part 15), Ersjdamoo’s Blog entry of November 9, 2013.)
Oliver Heaviside (1850 – 1925) became fascinated by James Clerk Maxwell’s two-volume, 1873 edition of Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism. Heaviside later related, “I preach the gospel according to my interpretation of Maxwell.”  Heaviside’s interpretation of Maxwell, however, was significantly “dumbed down”, according to authors Richard C. Hoagland and Mike Bara. In 1873, Maxwell had successfully united electrical and magnetic observations into “a comprehensive, overarching electromagnetic theory of light vibrations”, carried across space by an “incompressible and highly stressed universal aetheric fluid.” Involved in Maxwell’s calculations were something called “quaternions”, ordered pairs of complex numbers. But for Oliver Heaviside, a Unitarian who ridiculed people who put their faith in a supreme being, Maxwell’s use of quaternions and their description of the “potentials” of space was “mystical, and should be murdered from the theory.” 
After Maxwell’s relatively early death, Heaviside “drastically edited Maxwell’s original work…” Scalar components of the quaternions were excised. Hyperspatial characteristics were eliminated. What this resulted in was a “dumbed down” physics. The four surviving classic Maxwell equations, “which appear in every electrical and physics text the world over, as the underpinnings of all 20th-century electrical and electromagnetic engineering – never appeared in any original Maxwell paper or treatise.” 
Reportedly, in 1993, the Angstrom Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden awarded Richard Hoagland a “Medal for Excellence in Science” for his role in rediscovering the hyperdimensional physics of James Clerk Maxwell. 
However it should be noted that, according to one critic of Hoagland, he received his medal not from Uppsala University in Sweden, which had established a prize in honor of Anders-Jonas Angstrom (an 18th century Swedish scientist), but from The Angstrom Foundation Aktiebolag, “a privately-owned foundation dedicated to preserving Angstrom’s property and to use it to hold conferences and the like. This is a separate entity from Uppsala University.” 
The second chapter of Hoagland and Bara’s book alone is worth the entire cost of their book. The chapter is headed, “Hyperdimensional Physics”, and is thankfully understandable by most laymen. How true some of its assertions are deserves open-minded investigation. If it is in fact true that the Maxwell equations had been altered by Heaviside, this has tremendous implications. If indeed generations of students have been feeding on a “dumbed down” version of Maxwell, then for many scientists, “Everything you ‘know’ is wrong!”
——- Sources ——-
 “James Clerk Maxwell”, Wikipedia, November 16, 2013.
 Understanding Physics (Vol. 2), by Isaac Asimov. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993
 “Oliver Heaviside”, Wikipedia, November 16, 2013.
 Dark Mission: The Secret History of NASA, by Richard C. Hoagland and Mike Bara. Los Angeles: Feral House, 2007
 “Phil Plait’s Bad Astronomy: Misconceptions: Hoagland’s Credentials”, http://www.badastronomy.com/bad/misc/hoagland/credentials.html