Philippines Annexed, No Voting Allowed

1900 William Jennings Bryan – Imperialism Speech

Several times in The Empire of “The City”, E.C. Knuth claims the Monroe Doctrine was secretly abandoned in 1897, replaced by a hidden agreement between Britain and the United States. This new secret foreign policy, where Britain dominated the U.S. State Department, only slowly became more apparent after 1945. (Background: Clash of Ideologies in Europe, Ersjdamoo’s Blog entry of March 29, 2014.)

There are, wrote Knuth, “over thirty great speeches and articles against the great intrigue of 1897 in William J. Bryan’s ‘Republic or Empire?’ published in 1899.”

William J. Bryan was, in other words, William Jennings Bryan, several times a populist candidate for president. Bryan is probably most well-known for his “Cross of Gold” speech, delivered  on July 9, 1896, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. (“You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!”)

E.C. Knuth’s book, The Empire of “The City”, was originally published in 1944. A slightly expanded edition appeared circa 1945. The William Jennings Bryan Republic or Empire? book has been fortunately made available by Google, in its “Books” section. I am slowly looking therein for any allusions to a secret 1897 foreign policy agreement between Britain and the United States. (You could do this too. It would be a big help.)

One speech recorded in the Bryan book may or may not have bearing on the alleged 1897 agreement. In “Cincinnati Speech” Bryan criticized the “forcible annexation of the Philippine Islands.” How is it, asked Bryan, that we can “in one hemisphere, develop the theory that governments derive their just power from the consent of the governed, and at the same time inaugurate, support and defend in the other hemisphere a government which derives its authority entirely from superior force.”

Murray N. Rothbard (1926 – 1995), founder of modern libertarianism, wrote that “The great turning point of American foreign policy came in the early 1890s, during the second [Grover] Cleveland Administration.” In the early 1890s, the principle enemy of the United States in this hemisphere was Great Britain. In 1895-1896, wrote Rothbard, “the U.S. was at a hair’s breadth from actual war with Great Britain over a territorial dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana.” [1]

Don Dickinson, acting as surrogate for Grover Cleveland, “delivered a bellicose speech in May 1895…” Clearly, “the enemy was Great Britain.” President Cleveland “delivered a virtual war message to Congress in December [1895], but Britain, newly occupied in problems with the Boers in South Africa, decided to yield [to the United States]…” [1]

All of which leads to 1897 and the alleged secret agreement between Britain and the United States. The next year, 1898, saw the Spanish-American War. Tangential to this war with Spain was the Philippine-American War of 1899-1902. “The conflict arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to secure independence from the United States following the latter’s acquisition of the Philippines from Spain after the Spanish–American War.” The people of the Philippines were fighting for independence. They did not vote to be a colony of the United States. The Philippines were annexed. [2]

But why the Philippines? Didn’t this violate the Monroe Doctrine, America for the Americans? If a secret 1897 foreign policy agreement between Britain and the United States had gone into effect, however, then the Monroe Doctrine would have been defunct and annexation of the Philippines would have been in accord with the new secret foreign policy.

——- Sources ——-
[1] Wall Street, Banks, and American Foreign Policy, by Murray N. Rothbard. Center for Libertarian Studies, 1995
[2] “Philippine-American War”, Wikipedia, March 30, 2014


About ersjdamoo

Editor of Conspiracy Nation, later renamed Melchizedek Communique. Close associate of the late Sherman H. Skolnick. Jack of all trades, master of none. Sagittarius, with Sagittarius rising. I'm not a bum, I'm a philosopher.
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2 Responses to Philippines Annexed, No Voting Allowed

  1. Pingback: Secrets of the International Monetary Fund | Ersjdamoo's Blog

  2. Pingback: Hypocrisy on Democracy: Obama’s Post-facto Justification of Iraq Invasion | Total Illusion

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