I stuck around St. Petersburg
When I saw it was a time for a change
Killed the czar and his ministers
Anastasia screamed in vain
These are part of the lyrics from the Rolling Stones’ song, “Sympathy For the Devil.” The part about Anastasia screaming in vain is puzzling at first glance. According to the prevalent theory about the fate of Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanov and the Russian imperial family, they were all herded into a cellar room measuring 14 by 17 feet in Ekaterinburg in the wee hours of July 17, 1918. Crowded also into this room were Bolshevik executioners. The “mass murder” Bolshevik squad, in the tiny room, shot and bayoneted all 7 Romanovs plus 4 loyal servants. But in this questionable yet widely believed version, there is no mention of Anastasia screaming. Perhaps the Rolling Stones indulged in poetic license. (Further background: “If You Can’t Trust a Bolshevik…”, Ersjdamoo’s Blog entry of September 6, 2014.)
I like to think, however, that the Rolling Stones had a secret meaning for “Anastasia screamed in vain.” After all, elsewhere in “Sympathy For the Devil”, we find the lyrics, “I shouted out who killed the Kennedys, when after all, it was you and me.” Perhaps the deeper meaning of “Anastasia screamed in vain” is that Anna Anderson effectively “screamed” throughout her life, “I am Anastasia!”
The identity case for Anna Anderson dragged through the German courts for 37 years. Was she, or was she not, the Grand Duchess? This German court case, including appeals, makes a fascinating study in itself. It is on a par with the lengthy case of “Jarndyce vs. Jarndyce” portrayed in the Charles Dickens novel, Bleak House. Like in Bleak House, a great deal of money was involved. You might almost call the Anna Anderson court cases, “Romanov vs. Romanov”: If Anna Anderson won the identity case, then she would inherit the Romanov fortune; if not, then other Romanovs would inherit.
Also involved was a secret portion of the 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The government of Vladimir Lenin agreed with the government of Kaiser Wilhelm II that the Russian imperial family would not be harmed. Part of the secret deal was that the arrangement must remain forever kept from public knowledge. That would explain perhaps why Anna Anderson was reluctant to talk about what exactly had happened on July 17, 1918. Some say Anna’s reticence was due to severe trauma associated with the supposed Ekaterinburg “mass murder.” But Anna herself once said, “If I told what happened, they would kill me.” Anna Anderson publicly revealing the truth would have violated the secret portion of the Brest-Litovsk contract, thereby rendering it nullified. With the agreement nullified, there would be no bar on assassinating Anastasia and any other surviving members of the Russian imperial family.
To all this, some might say, “What about the DNA evidence?” The late James Blair Lovell was Anna Anderson’s authorized biographer. He died on December 4, 1993. “At the time of his death, James was doing research for a new book that would document the events surrounding recent claims by scientists that the skeletal remains found in Siberia are those of Czar Nicholas; his wife Alexandra; their daughters Olga, Tatiana, and Marie; three servants; and Dr. Eugene Botkin.” DNA testing was also being done on a preserved section of small intestine from Anna Anderson. “What about the DNA testing?” Lovell was asked. From his deathbed, Lovell replied, “I know in my heart that the Anna Anderson I knew in Charlottesville [Virginia] was Anastasia, and neither my belief or my work needs public validation.”  (See also, DNA Evidence NOT Infallible, the Ersjdamoo’s Blog entry of September 8, 2014.)
Lovell’s biography of Anna Anderson, Anastasia (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991), is THE book to read for comprehending the strange case of Anna Anderson. There is simply too much, including other scientific evidence such as anthropological ear comparisons, pointing to Anna Anderson in fact having been the surviving Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanov. As for the DNA evidence, in the immortal words of Dr. Henry Lee, “Something wrong here.”
——- Sources ——-
 Anastasia, by James Blair Lovell. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991