Bicentennial quasi-periodic TSI (Total Solar Irradiance) variations define a corresponding cyclic mechanism of climatic changes from global warmings to Little Ice Ages and set the timescales of practically all physical processes taking place in the Sun-Earth system. 
The TSI variations have periodic components. Solar variation, together with volcanic activity are hypothesized to have contributed to climate change, for example during the Maunder Minimum.  The Maunder Minimum is the name used for the period starting in about 1645 and continuing to about 1715 when sunspots became exceedingly rare. The Maunder Minimum coincided with a period of lower-than-average European temperatures. 
Outer space is cold. “Heat”, as such, does not travel from the Sun to the Earth like warmth from a hot stove. In the mountains, where you are closer to the Sun, it is colder than at sea level.
The Earth is surrounded by a canopy of cold. Descending or ascending canopy of cold columns produce the changes in our seasons. The colder air displaces the warmer air and does not mix with it. 
What is “space”? Space is that which is filled with electricity. What is “electricity”? Electricity is that which fills space. “Throughout space there is energy,” declared Nikola Tesla. “[T]his planet, with all its appalling immensity, is to electric currents virtually no more than a small metal ball.” 
Because “nature abhors a vacuum”, the space through which light travels from the Sun to the Earth must be filled with something. Light traveling at marvelous speed through this “something” produces friction, which in turn produces electricity. 
Electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere cause the canopy of cold to either descend or ascend, depending upon whether the charge is positive or negative. It is telluric heat – heat from the Earth’s interior – which forces upwards the canopy of cold. Positive electricity produces the warm seasons; negative electricity produces the cold seasons. The “temperature of our atmosphere is exclusively to be attributed to electrical causes within it, and not to any supposed rays of heat emanating from the sun.” 
The whole of our Solar System after its season of the “solar summer” is now moving to the season of the “solar autumn” and then will move to the season of the “solar winter”. (This is not the same as the usual yearly seasons.) Variations of the Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) are the major and essential cause of climate changes. 
There have been contradictory analyses of the past week’s dramatic November cold by various experts. “Classic Arctic outbreak”, polar vortex, and “global warming” are some of the different opinions for the cause. Mike Halpert, acting director of the prediction center in College Park, Maryland, had predicted, “The polar vortex is not expected to do a repeat in winter 2014-15.” (Background: Sure Is Cold, Ersjdamoo’s Blog, November 19, 2014.)
Yet November 2014 “is now on track to be the coldest November since 1996.” And the latest switch among the experts is that now “most forecasters think January and February will also be colder than normal across most of the United States.” 
All of which, if it comes to pass, means that the Farmer’s Almanac surpassed the experts when it predicted months ago that this coming winter would be colder than normal.
——- Sources ——-
 “New paper by Russian solar physicist Habibullo Abdussamatov predicts another Little Ice Age within the next 30 years”, http://www.climatedepot.com/2013/12/04/new-paper-russian-solar-physicist-by-habibullo-abdussamatov-predicts-another-little-ice-age-within-the-next-30-years/
 “Solar variation”, Wikipedia, November 20, 2014
 “Maunder Minimum”, Wikipedia, November 20, 2014
 The Influence of the Blue Ray of the Sunlight and of the Blue Color of the Sky, by General A.J. Pleasonton. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Hafrelfinger, 1876
 “Heating costs heading up as cold grips U.S.”, Associated Press. Published November 19, 2014 in the Champaign-Urbana News-Gazette.