In the June 25, 1863 letter from the Rothschild Brothers, they inform Messrs. Ikleheimer, Morton and Vandergould that John Sherman has advised them not to fear: few will be able to understand the financial hocus-pocus of the National Bank Act. And the few who do understand will themselves be more interested in profiting from it than in opposing it.  (Background: Evil Salmon Swims in Cabinet, Ersjdamoo’s Blog, July 30, 2015.)
The National Bank Act was passed by Congress on February 25, 1863. Amendments to that Act were passed in 1864.  Again a privately-owned central bank had begun slithering like an eel into the depths of the nation’s money. Earlier, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson, a private corporation masquerading as the Bank of the United States was fought against by President Andrew Jackson. Jackson ordered the federal government’s deposits removed from the Bank of the United States and placed in State banks. The people were with Jackson, and he was overwhelmingly elected to a second term. The B.U.S. retaliated by making it more difficult for businesses and others to get the money they needed. This caused an economic contraction at the end of 1833 and into 1834. 
A circular distributed in 1863 to friends and clients of Ikleheimer, Morton, and Vandergould, Private Bankers, Wall Street, had pointed out an advantage gained by the National Bank Act: Because the National Banks had a national organization, they could easily act together to cause a stringency in the money market.  (They could also decide upon a cheap money policy and inflate stocks.)
The National Bank Act disguised a privately-owned central bank behind a mask of many “national” banks controlled from a single location.  (The earlier Bank of the United States had not been so cunningly disguised.) Today, the “Federal Reserve” employs a similar mask of 12 “Districts” scattered throughout the United States, with the New York “District” in control.  And if you penetrate to the New York “District” you cannot dive deeper into who actually owns the “Federal Reserve.” Yes, they will say certain banks are the owners. But what are the names of the individual owners? We cannot even get a simple audit of the “Fed”, much less the names of the owners.
The original “Greenback”, money owned by the people of the United States and overseen by Congress, as the U.S. Constitution intends, was inspired by Colonel Dick Taylor and advice he gave to President Abraham Lincoln in 1862.  The new National Bank currency was made to so closely resemble physically the “Greenback” that few would notice the difference.  Today they sometimes call dollars “Greenbacks” – but which “Greenback” do they mean, the original 1862 version or the 1863 National Bank version?
Central reserve banks on Wall Street “insured and nourished the whole system of institutions growing up from financing the American Civil War.”  “United States Bank Notes” disguised as real “Greenbacks” were issued by the national banks. The Bank Notes were declared by the government to be legal tender for taxes and duties and were generally accepted as money. (Look at today’s dollar bill and see how it is a “Federal Reserve Note“.) However the national bank notes were not classified as “lawful money.” The original “Greenbacks” as well as coin were still the nation’s official money. “It was not until the arrival of the Federal Reserve system fifty years later that government debt in the form of bank notes would be mandated as the nation’s official money for all transactions – under penalty of law.” 
Salmon P. Chase, a.k.a. the Salmon, named after a fish, has his portrait on the old $10,000 “Federal Reserve” note. What is he doing there? The honored fish was Treasury Secretary under President Lincoln, sure. But what is so great about a particular Treasury Secretary that he is thus honored? A clue is that portraits on the larger denomination “Fed” notes are reserved for persons remembered with special fondness by wealthier individuals who actually use and handle such currency.  (On the $100,000 banknote, printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing from 1934 to 1935 and never publicly circulated but only used for transactions between “Federal Reserve” banks, the face of Woodrow Wilson is featured. Wilson was President when the “Creature from Jekyll Island”, the “Federal Reserve”, arose like Godzilla from the depths of the Sargasso Sea. )
“It was Chase who engineered the offer to sell the monetary independence of the United States, and for this mighty deed Chase was honored on the $10,000 bill.” 
——- Sources ——-
 Lincoln: Money Martyred, by Dr. R.E. Search (pseudonym). Palmdale, CA: Omni Publications, first published in 1935.
 The Creature From Jekyll Island, by G. Edward Griffin. Westlake Village, CA: American Media, Third Edition, 1998.
 “The War Against the Bank”, http://www.ushistory.org/us/24d.asp
 “Evil Salmon Swims in Cabinet”, Ersjdamoo’s Blog, July 30, 2015. https://ersjdamoo.wordpress.com/2015/07/30/evil-salmon-swims-in-cabinet/
 The Secrets Of The Federal Reserve, by Eustace Mullins. Kindle e-book edition.
 Blood Money: The Civil War and the Federal Reserve, by John Remington Graham. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Company, 2006.
 “United States 100,000 dollar banknote”, http://currencies.wikia.com/wiki/United_States_100,000_dollar_banknote